Evolution, Genetics, Epigenetics, Population Genetics


Chromosome architecture drives cycad evolution. Cycads 5(1): 23-32.


Meiosis decreases recombination load; Mitosis increases recombination load. [Root Gorelick and Francis X. Villablanca] Ideas in Ecology and Evolution 11: 19-28.

Cluster-based modeling of hexokinase network in long distance sugar signaling in temperate broadleaf eudicot trees [Ross Young, Root Gorelick, and Tim Xing] Tree Genetics & Genomes 14: 56 [https://doi.org/10.1007/s11295-018-1272-y].


No universal differences between females and males: anisogamy and asymmetrical female meiosis. [Root Gorelick, Jessica Carpinone, and Lindsay Jackson Derraugh] Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 120(1): 1-21.


Abrupt shortening of bird W chromosomes in ancestral Neognathae. [Root Gorelick, Danielle L. Fraser, Melissa Mansfield, Jeff W. Dawson, Sanoji Wijeneyake, and Susan M. Bertram] Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 119(2): 488-496.


Wherefore stoch-aptation? Ideas in Ecology and Evolution 8: 46-49.

Extinction and climate change influence phylogenetic community assembly of North American hoofed mammals. [Danielle L. Fraser, Root Gorelick, Natalia Rybczynski] Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 114(3): 585-594.


Cycad (Cycadales) chromosome numbers are not correlated with genome size. [Root Gorelick, Danielle L. Fraser, Ben J.M. Zonneveld, Damon P. Little] International Journal of Plant Sciences 175(9): 986-997.

Defining clonality and individuals in plant evolution. Ideas in Ecology and Evolution 7: 84-88.

Do Micrognathozoa have micro genomes? Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 112(3): 640-644.

Kin recognition by roots occurs in cycads and probably in conifers. [Root Gorelick and Thomas E. Marler] Communicative & Integrative Biology 7(1): e28009. [2 pages]

Fishing for philosophical phylogenetic foibles. Ideas in Ecology and Evolution 7: 8-10.


Single cell heterogeneity: Why unstable genomes are incompatible with average profiles. [Batoul Y. Abdallah, Steven D. Horne, Joshua B. Stevens, Guo Liu, Andrew Y. Ying, Barbara Vanderhyden, Stephan A. Krawetz, Root Gorelick, and Henry H.Q. Heng] Cell Cycle 12(23): 3640-3649.

Polyploidy is genetic hence may cause non-adaptive radiations, whereas pseudopolyploidy is genomic hence may cause adaptive non-radiations. [Root Gorelick and Krystle Olson]. Journal of Experimental Zoology (Part B. Molecular and Developmental Evolution) 320B(5): 286-294.

Fundamental differences between females and males? [Root Gorelick, Jessica Carpinone, and Lindsay Jackson Derraugh] in Challenging popular myths, of sex, gender, and biology (editor: Malin Ah-King). Pages 9-22. Heidelberg: Springer.


Mitosis circumscribes individuals; sex creates new individuals. Biology & Philosophy 27(6): 871-890.

Meiosis is not gender neutral. BioScience 62(7): 623-624.

Theory may not be definable and its development is not efficient. Ideas in Ecology & Evolution 5: 25-26.

Evolutionary developmental biology in cycad phenology. [Root Gorelick and Thomas Marler]. Communicative & Integrative Biology 5(3): 272-274.

A good start in life: access to preferred temperatures during gravidity improves offspring quality in the Children’s python (Antaresia childreni). [Sophie Lorioux, Dale DeNardo, Root Gorelick, and Olivier Lourdais]. Journal of Experimental Biology 215(8): 1346-1353.

Phenotypic covariance structure and its divergence for acoustic mate signals among four cricket species. [Susan Bertram, Lauren Fitzsimmons, Emily McAuley, Howard Rundle, Root Gorelick]. Ecology and Evolution 2(1): 181-195.


Post-plasmogamic pre-karyogamic sexual selection: Mate choice inside an egg cell. [Root Gorelick, Lindsay Jackson Derraugh, Jessica Carpinone, and Susan Bertram]. Ideas in Ecology and Evolution 4: 14-23.

Sex reduces genetic variation: a multidisciplinary review. [Root Gorelick and Henry Heng] Evolution 65(4): 1088-1098.

Asexuality and epigenetic variation [Root Gorelick, Manfred Laubichler, and Rachel Massicotte] in Epigenetics: linking genotype and phenotype in development and evolution (editors: Benedikt Hallgrimmson and Brian Hall). Pages 87-102. San Francisco: University of California Press.

What is theory? Ideas in Ecology and Evolution 4: 1-10.

Is lack of cycad (Cycadales) diversity due to lack of polyploidy? [Root Gorelick and Krystle Olson]. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 165(2): 156-167.

Chromosomal fission accounts for small-scale radiations in Zamia (Zamiaceae) [Krystle Olson and Root Gorelick]. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 165(2): 168-185.


Questioning heteronormative theories of mate choice. Biological Theory 5(4): 397.


Origin and maintenance of sex: the evolutionary joys of self sex [Root Gorelick and Jessica Carpinone]. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 98(4): 707-728.

Evolution of cacti is largely driven by genetic drift, not selection. Bradleya 27: 37-48.


Genetic = Heritable (Genetic ≠ DNA). [Root Gorelick and Manfred Laubichler]. Biological Theory 3(1): 79-84.

Early cactus evolution. Haseltonia 14: 3-5.

Review of The origins of genome architecture by Michael Lynch. Plant Science Bulletin 54(4): 165.


Evolution of dioecy and sex chromosomes in cycads [Root Gorelick and Roy Osborne]. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 97: 326-334.

Sex change in cycads: cases, causes, and chemistry [Roy Osborne and Root Gorelick]. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 97: 335-345.

When information theory is no longer theory. Biological Theory 2(2): 180-182.

Heritability of acoustic signaling time in the Texas field cricket, Gryllus texensis. [Susan Bertram, Darrell Kemp, Jennifer Johnson, S. Xochitl Orozco, and Root Gorelick]. Evolutionary Ecology Research 9(6): 975-986.


Evolutionary flatland. Biological Theory 1(2): 203-205.

Review of Plant-pollinator interactions: from specialization to generalization edited by Nickolas M. Waser and Jeff Ollerton. Plant Science Bulletin 52(4): 139-140.

Review of An enthusiasm for orchids: sex and deception in plant evolution by John Alcock. Orchids 75(10): 777.

Review of The geographic mosaic of coevolution by John N. Thompson. Plant Science Bulletin 52(3): 100-101.


Theory for why dioecious plants have equal length sex chromosomes. American Journal of Botany 92(6): 979-984.

Environmentally-alterable additive genetic effects. Evolutionary Ecology Research 7(3): 371-379.

Review of Plant diversity and evolution: genotypic and phenotypic variation in higher plants edited by R.J. Henry. Plant Science Bulletin 51(4): 150-151.


Decomposing multi-locus linkage disequilibrium [Root Gorelick and Manfred Laubichler]. Genetics 166(3): 1581-1583.

Resolving the phylogenetic placement of Blossfeldia liliputana (Cactaceae): reticulate evolution, chloroplast inheritance, and graft-chimeras. Bradleya 22: 9-14.

Neo-Lamarckian medicine. Medical Hypotheses 62(2): 299-303.

Evolutionary epigenetic theory. Ph.D. dissertation, Arizona State University.


Evolution of dioecy and sex chromosomes via methylation driving Muller’s ratchet. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 80(2): 353-368.

Transposable elements suppress recombination in all meiotic eukaryotes, including automictic ancient asexuals. Journal of Natural History 37(8): 903-909.

Colony response to graded resource changes: an analytical model of the influence of genotype, environment, and inheritance pattern [Susan Bertram, Root Gorelick, and Jennifer Fewell]. Theoretical Population Biology 64(2): 151-162.

Maintaining heritable variation via sex-limited temporally fluctuating selection: a phenotypic model accommodating non-Mendelian epigenetic effects [Root Gorelick and Susan Betram]. Theory in Biosciences 122(4): 321-338.


DNA sequences and cactus classification. Bradleya 20: 1-4.

Inducing sex change and organogenesis from tissue culture in the endangered African cycad Encephalartos woodii (Cycadales, Zamiaceae) [Root Gorelick and Roy Osborne]. South African Journal of Science 98(3-4): 114-117.


Did insect pollination cause increased seed plant diversity? Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 74(4): 407-427.